Proper of masses

Saint Elizabeth-Ann Seton, religious


Memorial in the Province of the United States


Born in new york on august 28, 1774, Elizabeth-Anne Bayley received all her education in the episcopal church. In january 1794, she married William Seton, with whom she had five children. Her husband’s death in Livorne, italy in 1803 found her grappling with many difficulties, especially with her family and friends. Received into the roman catholic Church on march14,1805, she already had an intense spiritual life.

While directing the christian formation of her children, she sought to dedicate herself completely to works of charity and education. With the assistance of some of the sulpicians in baltimore, she established the first catholic school in that city in 1808. The following year she founded the Sisters of charity in Emmitsburg, Maryland. Dedicated to saint Joseph, this institute was originally devoted to the education of young women.

 

Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys, Virgin


Memorial in the Province of Canada


Marguerite Bourgeoys was born in Troyes, France on april 17, 1620. Desiring to consecrate herself to our Lord, she accepted a mission as a teacher in New France. She began her teaching in Ville-Marie.

Soon, a small community formed itself around her. In 1669, His Excellency François de Montmorency-laval, the bishop of Quebec, approved the new born institute. The congregation of the Sisters of Notre Dame received their definitive statutes in 1698. The foundress experienced opposition and incomprehension later in life, and died in voluntary effacement on january 12, 1700.

The french school of spirituality profoundly influenced Marguerite Bourgeoys. Even today, the priests of Saint-Sulpice accompany the spiritual journeys of her daughters.

Saint Sulpice, Bishop


Born in Vatan en Berry, saint Sulpice was called “the pious” or “the good,” on account of the docility of his character. He spent his first years at the court of the king of Bourgogne. He was a chaplain in the army of king Clotaire II, who nominated him the archbishop of Bourges in 624. A true example of the “good shepherd,” he always preached by example. He was dedicated to the assistance of the poor and the conversion of Jews in his episcopal city. He died on january 17, 647, and was buried near Bourges in an abbey that was reorganized under his care.

In 1211, a church for the people dependant on the abbey of Saint Germain-des- prés was built and dedicated to his patronage. Jean-Jacques Olier became pastor of the parish in 1642. He transferred the small community of Vaugirard to a building close to the church in the same year. Thus, the Seminary of Saint Sulpice was born. It would give its name to the society that served the parish and directed the seminary.

 

The Interior Life of Our Lord


Memorial


This feast is the expression of Jean-Jacques Olier's deep desire to see his disciples replicate within themselves the interior dispositions of Jesus.

The pietas seminarii, which he drafted, remains the charter document of Saint-Sulpice : "the first and final purpose of this institute will be to live supremely for God in Christ Jesus our Lord, in such a manner that the interior of his son penetrates the deepest recesses of our hearts so that every member might say with confidence what Saint Paul affirms concerning himself : it is no longer i who live, but Christ who lives within me. (GA 2, 20)"

 

Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, Priest


Memorial


Born in Reims on april 30, 1651, Jean-Baptiste de La salle entered the Seminary of Saint Sulpice in 1670. Family obligations obliged him to return rapidly to Reims. During his brief sojourn in the seminary, he was introduced to concern for and the activities of catechetical and scholarly renewal by his professors. This activity was particularly strengthened in the parish of Saint Sulpice during and after the pastorate of Jean-Jacques olier.

Jean-baptiste de La salle founded the Institute of the Brothers of christian schools, whose purpose is to give to children a christian education. The major themes of his spirituality closely relate to themes that were dear to Monsieur Olier : to work with all one’s strength for the salvation of souls, to give central place to the incarnate word, to adhere to the Lord’s mysteries in docility to his spirit. He died in Rouen on friday, april 7, 1719.

 

Saint Louis-Marie Grignion de Monfort, Priest


Memorial


Louis-Marie Grignon de Monfort was born in Brittany on january 31, 1673. He was animated by a great love of the cross and a vivid devotion towards the Virgin Mary. He arrived as a mendicant in Paris (1693), and lived in poverty. After he began his studies in theology at the Sorbonne, he was admitted to the community called “the Little seminary of Saint Sulpice.”

Ordained priest in 1700, his missions and his apostolic zeal greatly marked a portion of the west of France. He died on april 28, 1716 in Saint Laurent-sur-Sèvre (in the diocese of Luçon). Many congregations trace their origins to him. His most well-known work, the treatise on true devotion to the blessed Virgin Mary, implicitly recapitulates much of the spiritual tradition that the Seminary of Saint Sulpice inherited from Jean-Jacques Olier.

 

Blessed Charles René Collas du Bignon, Jean-Joseph Juge de Saint-Martin and Claude Joffret de Bonnefont, Martyrs


Memorial


Because they had refused to take the oath of the Constitutional clergy and were accused of lacking civil responsibility, 829 priests and religious were crammed into the holds of ships at Rochefort while awaiting deportation to guyane. 64 of them were declared blessed by pope John Paulii on october 1, 1995.

Three of those beatified were priests of Saint Sulpice : Charles-René Collas du Bignon, the superior of the Minor seminary of Bourges, died on june 3, 1794 at the age of 41. Jean-Joseph Juge de Saint Martin, a director at the seminary of Limoges, died on july 7, 1794 at the age of 55. Claude Jouffret de Bonnefont, superior of the minor seminary of Autun, died on august 10, 1794 at the age of 42.

 

Jesus Christ, Eternal and Sovereign Priest


Feast


“Dedicated to Jesus Christ, Sovereign Priest, the company of the priests of Saint Sulpice, born from the apostolate of Jean-Jacques Olier, is a society of diocesan priests who have for their vocation service to those who are ordained to the presbyteral ministry.” (art. 1. Constitutions of the Society of Saint Sulpice).

The feast of the priesthood of our Lord is the most ancient of the particular feasts celebrated at the Seminary of Saint Sulpice.

 

Saint Jean Eudes, Priest


Memorial


While he spent the majority of his life in Caen, saint Jean Eudes (1601-1680) lived for some years in Paris, where he was the disciple of Bérulle and Condren. Founder of an institute for the relief of prostitutes and a congregation destined for the formation of priests in seminaries, he created the seminaries of Caen, Coutances, Lisieux, and Rouen.

In his mémoires, Jean-Jacques Olier describes him in these terms : “Father Eudes, that great preacher, the marvel of our century.” He worked to spread the cult of the Heart of Jesus and Mary, for the purpose of establishing “the life and the kingdom of jesus in christian souls.” He attached the greatest importance to the apostolicaction of priests who should be fervent and learned, preaching the Gospel with their lives.

 

The blessed martyrs of the Society who died in Paris


Memorial


On september 2, 1792, a great number of martyrs – bishops, priests, seminarians, and laity – fell in different parts of Paris, victims of their fidelity to the Church.

Among those who were massacred at the convent of the Carmes were eight priests of the society of saint sulpice : Bernard de Cucsac, of the diocese of Toulouse ; Jacques-Gabriel Gallais, of the diocese of Angers ; Nicolas Psalmon, of the diocese of Rouen ; Etienne Hourier, of the diocese of Amiens ; and Claude Rousseau, of the diocese of Paris. In addition, Pierre Gauguin, of the diocese of Tours ; Michel Guérin, of the diocese of La Rochelle ; and Henri Luzeau de La Mulonnière, had been brought from the seminary at Issy to the rue de Vaugirard. From the seminary at Issy as well, two deacons– Antione Adéodat de Ravinel, of the diocese of Nancy : and Augustin de Lézardière, of the diocese of Luçon – accompanied their teachers and directors to death, following the example of Saint Laurence.

The Province of Canada also remembers on this day André Grasset de Saint-Sauveur, a priest born in Canada and a canon of the diocese of Sens, who also gave his life for the Church in the same massacre at the Carmes.

 

Saint Vincent de Paul, Priest


Memorial


Vincent de Paul was born in Pouy in les Landes on april 24, 1581. He soon began to pursue the path to priesthood. Ordained a priest at the age of 19, he later stated : “if i had known what the priesthood was when i had the temerity to enter it as i know it now, i would have much more preferred to labor on the land that to engage myself in such an awesome state.” Urged by Pierre de Bérulle to do so, Vincent took charge of a parish that was in very bad shape. In five months, he revitalized it : “behold a great charity, but it is poorly organized.” While evangelizing the countryside, he discovered the extreme importance of insuring the formation of priests.

He did not forget to put this lesson into practice by founding The Seminary of Saint Lazarus in Paris. He organized and directed the “tuesday conferences,” in which M. Jean-jacques olier participated. An apostle of prayer and contemplation, Vincent de Paul became the spiritual director of Father Olier. Vincent founded two institutes, the Congregation of the Mission and the Company of the Daughters of Charity. He died in Paris on september 27, 1660. His heart, immensely open towards the most downtrodden, and his vision of the priest oriented towards his mission, constitute a most attractive model of the priesthood and the christian life. M. Vincent still remains alive through all the works that claim his spirituality.

 

 Saint Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, Religious

Memorial in the Province of Canada

Marie-Marguerite Dufrost de Lajemmerais was born in Varennes, New France on october 15, 1701. From her earliest years, her life was marked by the Cross.

She lost her father, was a duped and humiliated spouse, a mother afflicted by the death of four of her six children. A courageous widow, she succeeded in paying off her husband’s debts and in educating her two sons, who became priests. She was a woman of faith, unshakeable and bold. Her face was always turned towards God the Father, towards Providence, and towards the most deprived people.

This is the woman God chose to found, in 1737, the Institute of the Sisters of Charity of Montreal, called “the Grey sisters.” She led them until her death on december 23, 1771. Her work is continued by her spiritual daughters, split into six autonomous congregations, who, perpetuating hercharism, manifest the tenderness of God by means of charitable works.

The priests of Saint Sulpice have never ceased accompanying the spiritual journeys of the Grey sisters of Montreal.

Blessed Agnès de Jésus, Virgin


Memorial


Agnès Galant, a dominican mystic, was born in Puy-en-Velay (France) on november 17, 1602. Her childhood was marked by deep devotion to the Blessed Sacrament and the Blessed Virgin, intense fervor in prayer, and a demonstrably great love for the poor. At the age of 21, she entered the newly founded dominican convent at Langeac. Four years later, she was elected prioress.

In 1631, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to her and said, "pray to my son for the abbé de Pébrac." Thus, Agnès contributed to the vocation and mission of Jean-Jacques Olier, who then held that benefice. She appeared to him twice in paris in 1634. In june of that same year, M. Olier visited the monastery at Langeac, where he met with Mother Agnès de Jésus several times and recognized her as the one who appeared to him. These visits began to prepare him to open a seminary. Agnès communicated to M. Olier the secrets of union with God in which she lived so intensely. " i once saw you as the child of my tears while praying for your conversion, i now look upon you as my father." Agnès died at the age of 32 on october 19, 1634, leaving her nuns with a special vocation to pray for priests. Thus, one may call her the "spiritual mother of the seminaries of France."

 

The interior life of the Virgin Mary


Memorial


This feast, closely related to that of the interior life of our Savior, dates, like it, to the first days of the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice.

An autograph text of Jean-Jacques Olier, which echoes his prayer O Jesus living in Mary, articulates perfectly the union which exists between the interior dispositions of Mary and those of her Son : "Jesus, living in Mary, in the beauty of your virtues, in the eminence of your powers, in the splendor of your riches, eternal and divine, grant us part of that holiness which God uniquely gave to her. Commune us with the zeal she has for his Church. Finally, reclothe us fully with yourself, that being nothing in ourselves, we may live uniquely in your spirit, as she does, to the glory of your father."

 

The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary


Principal patroness of the Society of Saint-Sulpice


Solemnity


Jean-Jacques Olier chose the blessed Virgin Mary as the first patron of the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice.

He determined that the principal feast of the house would be that of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin in the Temple. Celebrated in the east from the end of the eighth century, this feast honors the gift of herself that Mary gave to God before the Annunciation.

The Society has always kept this feast as its principal solemnity, seeing in the complete consecration of Mary the model of priestly service.

 

Saint John, Apostle and Evangelist


Feast


Jean-Jacques Olier wrote in his pietas seminarii : “they will also invoke Saint John the Evangelist as their particular patron.

At the Last Supper he became another Christ, at the Cross he became the adopted son of his Mother. Venerating most of all the grace of the Eucharist in this saint, they will strive, following his example, to seek the same grace that poured forth from the breast of our Lord.”